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What are the different forex market sessions?

by admin   ·  March 7, 2024   ·  


The forex market operates 24 hours a day, five days a week, across different time zones. Understanding the different forex market sessions is crucial for traders to optimize their trading strategies. In this blog post, we will explore the four major forex market sessions, their characteristics, and the best times to trade during each session.

1. Sydney Session

The Sydney session is the first major session to open and is considered relatively quiet compared to other sessions. Here are some key points about the Sydney session:

1.1 Opening and Overlapping Times

The Sydney session opens at 10:00 PM GMT (5:00 PM EST) and overlaps with the Tokyo session for a few hours. This overlap increases liquidity and volatility in the market.

1.2 Currencies to Focus On

The main currency pairs to focus on during the Sydney session are AUD/USD and NZD/USD, as the Australian and New Zealand markets are active during this time.

2. Tokyo Session

The Tokyo session is also known as the Asian session and is characterized by increased volatility. Here’s what you need to know about the Tokyo session:

2.1 Opening and Overlapping Times

The Tokyo session opens at 12:00 AM GMT (7:00 PM EST) and overlaps with the Sydney session for a few hours. This overlap period is usually the most active time during the Tokyo session.

2.2 Trade USD/JPY

As the Japanese market has a significant impact on this session, one of the popular currency pairs to trade during the Tokyo session is USD/JPY. Pay attention to market sentiment, news releases, and economic data from Japan.

3. London Session

The London session is often considered the most active and liquid session in the forex market. Here’s what you should know about the London session:

3.1 Opening and Overlapping Times

The London session opens at 8:00 AM GMT (3:00 AM EST) and overlaps with both the Tokyo and New York sessions for several hours. This overlap period typically sees increased trading activity.

3.2 Major Market Movers

The London session coincides with the opening of major European markets and the release of important economic news. Traders should pay close attention to economic calendars and news events during this session.

4. New York Session

The New York session is known for its high liquidity and volatility, as it overlaps with both the London and Tokyo sessions. Here’s what you need to know:

4.1 Opening and Overlapping Times

The New York session opens at 1:00 PM GMT (8:00 AM EST) and overlaps with both the London and Tokyo sessions for several hours. The first few hours of the New York session are usually the most active.

4.2 Focus on USD Pairs

Given the influence of the US market, currency pairs involving the US dollar, such as EUR/USD, GBP/USD, and USD/JPY, are popular during the New York session. Monitor economic data releases, central bank speeches, and market sentiment in the United States.


Understanding the different forex market sessions and their characteristics is essential for successful trading. Each session has its own unique features, such as varying levels of liquidity, volatility, and market-moving events. By knowing the opening and overlapping times, focusing on specific currency pairs, and staying informed about economic news releases, traders can optimize their strategies and make informed trading decisions. Remember to consider your own trading style, risk tolerance, and analysis techniques when planning your trading activities during each session.

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